It would be impossible for this review to be inclusive of the vast body of work that is available on the subject of breast cancer. It is useful, however, in helping medical personnel determine if the particular study cited in this work is one that might prove useful to the medical practitioners current problem, patient, or other focus in his or her work and continuing education.
A journal article appearing in Family Planning Perspectives, by D. Hollander (2002), studies the risk factor for breast cancer for women who breast feed, versus those who do not breast feed. The article is brief, targeting the mother-to-be, or the new mother. The article does not give D. Hollanders credentials for writing this article, but the writers credentials probably are along the lines of journalism, if a degree at all, because the article cites professional studies in a very limited way, using a simplistic layperson language. The article relies on a single source.
Breast Cancer and Ovarian Cancer, by Dr. M. Margaret Kemeny, Paula Dranov, and Mona Mark (1992) is a study on breast cancer that covers all aspects of the disease, including risk and the relationship of risk to nutrition and poverty. Much of the work is concerned with nutrition, but the study relies on other studies that were conducted by nutritionists and other researchers. The book is targeting women, not professionals. Even so, this book is useful for the professional looking to pursue continuing education on the subject of nutrition and breast cancer.
This book includes as one of the authors, the work of Dr. M. Margaret Kemeny, and for that reason, it is able to draw upon Dr. Kemenys experience and expertise as acquired through her work with her own patients. This is a valid and reliable source, but there is no quantitative or qualitative work in the book. For that reason, this book is recommended for the layperson as opposed to the professional.
As we can see by the literature review done here, of the many general searches, the selections that provide original data from original studies are not as numerous as those that rely upon that existing body of work. There is much need and demand for original studies on breast cancer, and the risks associated with nutrition and socioeconomic status. This is why literature reviews are important to the medical professionals in the field.
Hollander, D. “Breast Cancer Risk Is Reduced by 4% for Each Year of Breastfeeding.” International Family Planning Perspectives 28.4 (2002): 228. Questia. 12 Oct. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002506496.
Kemeny, M. Margaret, and Paula Dranov. Breast Cancer and Ovarian Cancer: Beating the Odds. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1992. Questia. 12 Oct. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=100778177..