Coronary Artery Disease the Heart

Other symptoms are shortness of breath and heaviness on the chest, a sensation of tightness, pain, burning sensation, squeezing or pressure on the breastbone or in the arms, neck and jaws. However, some persons showed no symptoms of coronary artery disease before a heart attack and just died suddenly (De Milto).

Beneficial and Adverse Effects of Treatment

The finding that atherosclerosis is an inflammatory response brought attention to the beneficial use of antibiotics in the treatment of coronary artery disease (Tarbutton & Mitra, 2007). The assumed infecting agent is Chlamydia pneumonia, which responded to the use of antibiotics in clinical trials. However, these first trials were small and need to be supplemented and confirmed by larger and multi-center trials (Tarbutton & Mitra).

Test findings showed that the use of statins reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity (Barry, 2006). Those with the least risks appeared to derive the greatest

Coronary Artery Disease 4 benefits from the drugs. The tests, however, did not specify the effects of the drugs on specific lipid or cholesterol levels (Tarbutton & Mitra).

The frequently prescribed statin drug, Pravastatin, promises two benefits in the treatment of coronary artery disease (USA Today, 2006). It lowers cholesterol level and increases that of endogenous stem cells. These cells help repair heart damage. High doses have also been said to improve heart function and coronary blood flow in some tests (USA Today).

Calcium deposits in the coronary arteries increases the risk of coronary artery disease, according to a study (Womens Health Advisor, 2008). Study subjects with high-levels of coronary artery calcium could develop a heart attack or stroke after less than four years (Womens Health Advisor).

Prognosis

Coronary artery disease can be treated successfully and in many ways (De Milto, 2001). New advances in medicine and a healthy lifestyle can either prevent or treat it. Preventing it includes correct diet, regular exercise, a healthy weight, cessation of smoking, reduced drinking, lower blood pressure, and stress management.

Cardiac rehabilitation programs also help recurring cases (De Milto). Findings from studies also revealed that psychosocial work characteristics and social support reduced depression and anxiety, which have shown to increase the risk of the disease (Hemingway & Marmot 1999). Healthy people who avoided or controlled type a hostility, depression and anxiety were less vulnerable to coronary artery disease (Hemingway & Marmot).

Coronary Artery Disease 5

Bibliography

American Heart Association (2007). The normal heart and how it works. American Heart Association, Inc. Retrieved on November 16, 2008 at http://www.americanheartassociation.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=770

Bassy, H. (2006). Statins effectively prevent coronary artery disease. American Family

Physician: American Academy of Family Physicians. Retrieved November 15, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3225/is_4_7/ai_n26320927?tag=content;col1

De Milto, L. (2001). Coronary artery disease. Encyclopedia of Medicine: Gale Research.

Retrieved on November 15, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2601/is_000/ai_n01000270?tag=content;col1

Hemingway H. And Marmot, M. (1999). Psychosocial factors in the aetiology and prognosis of coronary artery disease. British Medical Journal: British Medical

Association. Retrieved on November 15, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_0999/is_7196/_318/ai_549793222?tag=content:col1

Tarbutton, L. And Mitra, a.K. (2007). Journal of Applied Research: Therapeutic

Solutions LLC. Retrieved on November 15, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_6825/is_1_7/ai_n25453459?tag=content;col1

USA Today (2006). Cholesterol medical may repair heart. Society for the Advancement of Education: CBS Interactive, Inc. Retrieved on November 16, 2008 at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2729_134/ai_n26212307?tag=content;col1

Womens Health Advisor (2008). Calcium in coronary arteries may increase heart disease risk. Belvoir Media Group: Gale, Cengage Learning. Retrieved on November 15, 2008 at (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m)ZSA/is_1_12/ai_n25335367?tag:content=col1.

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