Probably the largest bias is the confirmation bias, where decision makers tend to focus on information that supports their opinion. By failing to be prepared for the hurricanes and the extreme weather that caused flights to be grounded, the companies participated in a confirmation bias by assuming things would go their way. The companies also made a crucial mistake when talking to the media before the problem was sorted out.
3. In all three of the cases, companies had to deal with the constraint of the situation being far out of their hands. None could control the weather and none could accurately predict the voracity of the natural disasters. Similarly, the companies had to deal with the constraint of business. Because the companies were large conglomerates, a chain of command had to be followed. No one person could nor was he or she responsible for making large decisions on his or her own. This was a significant constraint in each case in two ways. First of all, a chain of command increases the amount of time it takes to respond to disasters.
Second of all, in situations where individuals must make decisions they are unprepared. Thus, the constraints of nature and manpower contributed to the mistakes made by these companies.
4. Although people like Rommel, Burgin, and Neelemen are individuals who must consider ethics and the welfare of other people into consideration, they are also representatives of large corporations. After years of working for these corporations, the individuals probably are well aware of how to live a dual lifestyle. That is, they probably no longer associate individuals and their welfare with the business world. For this reason, the consideration that these individuals give to the welfare of others is rather limited in.