” (Moynihan, 1965)
Moynihan implies that the decreasing role of the black male is a central aspect to be addressed in resolving the matters of violence in the black communities. As a result, he proposes a series of social and political policies that would strengthen the role played by the black male in the family. These refer to better employment opportunities, wage increases or an improved social perception of the roles that fathers play within the family. The senator exemplifies by stating that the white families are mostly run by two parents and the presence and role of both mother and father foster the growth and development of a stable individual, who will not engage in criminal actions.
The report issued by Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan set the basis for years of controversy. Organized under the title the Negro Family: The Case for National Action, the findings were party based on two previous studies (undisclosed to the public).
Moynihans Report argues the standpoint from which the family is the primary cause of increased violence in the black communities. He states that the deterioration of the black community is to be blamed on the deterioration of the black family.
Furthermore, he points out that these black families have the tendency to pass on their heritage. In other words, due to the pathological factor, the black families perpetuate increased crime rates in the black communities. As a result, in order to fix the aroused matters and reduce violence, the structure of the African-American family has to be addressed. This basically revolves around the decreasing role of the black male and suggests that social and political measures must be taken to reduce divorce rates and reintegrate the male as an authority figure within the black family.
DuRant, R.H., Pendergats, R.A., Stevens, G., Linder, C.W., April 1994, Factors Associated with the Use of Violence among Urban Black Adolescents, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 84, No. 6, pp. 612-617
Hall, J.D., August 2, 1993, Big Shots: A Boy and His Gun, Time Magazine, pp. 21-29
Moynihan, D.P., March 1965, the Moynihan Report – the Negro Family: The Case for National Action, Office of Policy Planning and Research, United States Department of Labor
April 1994, Reducing Violence – How do we Proceed? American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 84. No. 4, pp.539-540
2004, the Justice System, U.S. Department.